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MLA & APA help

Learn how to format papers, cite information sources using MLA and APA style, and how to avoid plagiarism.

APA Word document template

Download this APA-formatted Microsoft Word document template. Save it, erase the existing text, and type your text right into the template. Learn how to format a paper in APA format by reading the contents of the template. The References page has been formatted with hanging indents.

This template was approved by the CCC Nursing department (01/2016).

APA manual

APA in-text citation basics

  • Use the author-date method of in-text citation.
    • Example: Botflies drop down out of trees and burrow into the scalps of unsuspecting hosts (Johnson, 2016).
  • When directly quoting material from a source, include a page number in your in-text reference.
    • Example: The subject stated she was unaware of the "adorable little community of botflies" living in her scalp (Johnson, 2016, p. 274).
  • All sources cited in-text must have corresponding entries on the References page at the end of your paper.

APA reference page basics

  • Each complete APA reference citation is comprised of four fields: 1) author, 2) publication date, 3) title, and 4) publisher information. Below is an APA reference citation for an article, broken up into the four fields.
    Pieces of an APA reference.
  • Each field ends with a period. Commas and other punctuation marks may appear within each field.
  • The first two fields, author and date, determine how the source is cited in the body of the paper.
    • Pro Tip: Create the reference page citation before citing the source in your text.

For more examples and explanations, select APA References Examples below.

APA paper formatting basics

  • Typed, double-spaced paragraphs.
  • 1" margins on all sides.
  • Font: Times New Roman, size 12.
  • Include a page header (also known as the "running head") at the top of every page.
  • APA papers are broken up into sections. Check with your instructor for his/her expectations.

Learn more at the Purdue OWL, or contact the CCC Writing Center.

APA video tutorials

1-credit APA class available

The English department is offering a new APA style course Fall 2017 term. It’s a one-credit online course that begins in Week Three. The course was developed for nursing students, but is also appropriate for students in other disciplines who need to develop APA formatting and style skills. The course will be offered again Winter 2018 term.

Registration information:

  • WR 199-01
  • Intro. to APA Style and Documentation
  • Instructor: Susan Pesznecker
  • susanpz@clackamas.edu
  • One credit

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Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, content in these research guides is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.