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MLA & APA help

Learn how to format papers, cite information sources using MLA and APA style, and how to avoid plagiarism.

APA 7th edition manual

APA research paper downloadable templates

APA 7th edition recognizes two kinds of paper formats - student papers (undergraduate students) and professional research papers (graduate students and professionals). At Clackamas CC, you will use the student paper formatting conventions.

You don't have to format a paper from scratch! Download this APA-formatted document template as a Word document or Google document. Save it, erase the existing text, and type your text right into the template. Learn how to format a paper in APA format by reading the contents of the template. The References page has been formatted with hanging indents.

APA in-text citation basics

  • Use the author-date method of in-text citation.
    • Example: Botflies drop down out of trees and burrow into the scalps of unsuspecting hosts (Yang, 2020).
  • When directly quoting material from a source, include a page number in your in-text reference.
    • Example: The subject stated she was unaware of the "adorable little community of botflies" living in her scalp (Yang, 2020, p. 274).

All sources cited in-text must have corresponding entries on the References page at the end of your paper.

For more examples and explanations, select the APA 7 in-text citation examples or In-Text Citations links below.

APA References page basics

Each complete APA reference citation is comprised of four fields: 1) author, 2) date, 3) title, and 4) source information. Below are several examples of citations, broken up into the four fields.

APA reference citation for website


APA reference for an online video

Print book or eBook from CCC Library database

APA reference for print book or eBook from CCC Library database

Online newspaper article

APA reference for online newspaper article

For more examples and explanations, select APA 7 References examples or References below.

More APA 7th ed. resources

1-credit APA 7th ed. class available

The English department offers an APA 7th ed. style course. It’s a one-credit online course. The course was developed for nursing students, but is also appropriate for students in other disciplines who need to develop APA formatting and style skills.

Course description:

Introduces American Psychological Association (APA) style and documentation, including document format, in-text citation, and References page. Includes style and documentation for narrative and academic papers. Students will work with provided sources. Recommended for pre-nursing and nursing students, allied health students, and STEM and social science students. Prerequisites: WR-121 with a C or better.

Registration information:

  • WR 128
  • Intro. to APA Style and Documentation
  • Instructor: Susan Pesznecker
  • One credit
  • 100% online
  • Offered Fall / Winter

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